Theoretical Basis of Practice and Social Workers Professional Training for the Health Care: Retrospective Review

  • Liliia Klos Lviv Polytechnic National University
Keywords: social work, health care, theoretical basis, practice, social workers, professional training

Abstract

Introduction. The international experience of social work in the field of health care shows that such activities of a social worker have a significant impact on the health of the population in the country and is necessary to improve the well-being of citizens.

Aim. The goal of the research was to study progressive foreign advanced theoretical developments concerning the training of social workers in the health-care for the implementation of such practices in Ukraine.

Material and methods. 53 units of scientific and scientific-practical sources of philosophical, psychological, pedagogical, medical content and problems of social work in the field of health were selected, systematized and analyzed. On the basis of comparison and synthesis of the received information, its generalization was made and presented in the form of conclusions

Results. The activities of social workers in the field of health-care are based on two main groups of theories – basic, found on the results of social work practices, and adopted from psychology, psychiatry, bioethics, nursing care, health care, sociology, administration.

Conclusions. In the practice of social workers in health care, health behavior theories (health belief model, theory of deliberate actions, planned behavior) and theories based on social networks (social behavior, behavior in the use of medical services), transtheoretical model are most often used. For the training of social workers in the field of health, both the basic and adopted theories are important; it is important in practice to be able to apply them in a comprehensive way, rely on eclectic knowledges in relation to the interdisciplinary nature of the activity.

Author Biography

Liliia Klos, Lviv Polytechnic National University

Dr Liliia Klos, MD, D.Sc. in Education, Associate Professor, Department of Sociology & Social Work, Institute of the Humanities and Social Sciences, Lviv Polytechnic National University

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Published
2020-08-13
Section
Articles