Roczniki Teologiczne <div id="journalDescription-12" class="journalDescription"> <p>The idea of printing <strong>Annals of Theology</strong> (Roczniki teologiczne) began in 1950's when the Learned Society of Catholic University of Lublin started publishing various scientific journals which represented specific faculties of the University. Between 1949 and 1990, they were titled <em>Annals of Theology and Canon Law.</em> They changed the name for <em>Annals of Theology</em> (1991-2008) after the Faculty of Canon and Civil Law started a new journal: <em>Annals of Juridical Sciences</em>. Last volume of <em>Annals of Theology </em>consisted of 10 fascicles of various subjects. In 2009 those fascicles became independent annals with new ISSN and volume numeration, and also with extra volume number, referring to the previous, main title. From that year on, until 2013, following annals were issued: <em>Annals of Dogmatic Theology, Annals of Moral Theology, Annals of Church History, Annals of Theology of Spirituality, Pastoral and Catechetical Annals, Annals of Ecumenical Theology, Liturgical and Homiletic Annals, Annals of Fundamental Theology and Religiology, Annals of Family Studies.</em></p> <p>In 2014&nbsp;restoration of previous concept, as a single and consistent journal with the former title - <em>Annals of Theology,</em> was carried out. The new annals were received a new ISSN and previous volume numeration granting the continuity of numeration. At the moment, the new <em>Annals of Theology</em> appear every month and each of them are dedicated to a specific discipline of theology.</p> </div> Towarzystwo Naukowe KUL & Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II en-US Roczniki Teologiczne 2353-7272 “What the Spirit Says to the Churches!” (Ap 2:29). In Search of the Optimal Synodal Way of the Universal Catholic Church <p>The background to the study is the Synod of Bishops convened by Pope Francis on the synodality of the Church. The Pope has expressed the desire that the Church in general should become synodal and inclusive, that is, that it should listen to the voice of the whole people of God and involve the faithful in its mission. The main problem of this study, then, can be expressed in the question: How can the synodal process, planned for the next two years, be guided in such a way that it is optimal for the renewal of the universal Church? Answering this question required, on the one hand, an analysis of Pope Francis' teaching and, on the other, an analysis of the current state of the Church in the context of today's challenges. From the combination of these two premises, it was possible to draw several pastoral conclusions, the most important of which are: the involvement of lay people in the decision-making processes in the Church, the appreciation of women in the Church, and the adoption in the life of the Church of some democratic procedures that have proven themselves in the Western world for several centuries.</p> Paul M. Zulehner Copyright (c) 2022 Roczniki Teologiczne 2022-06-29 2022-06-29 69 6 5 25 10.18290/rt.22696.1 Synodality as the Hope of the Church? Experiences of the Synodal Way of the Church in Germany <p>Pope Francis expressed his conviction that God expects the Church of the third millennium to courageously embark on the synodal path. This call to synodality is not a question of perfecting its existing forms known within the Church, rather this call is intended to be a new understanding of the structure of the Church which, in his opinion, is a community perpetually guided by the Holy Spirit. True synodality, therefore requires participation of the entire People of God (clergy, laity and consecrated persons) by listening to one another, by forming concrete framework for ecclesial life in the community and in bearing common responsibility for the future of the Church. This new vision of synodality is still blurred. Many open questions remain, for example who precisely will participate, and to what extent will they participate in the process of making decisions integral to the life of the Church? The precedent to such questions may reside in the Synodal Path of the Church in Germany. The German Synodal Way is currently being closely watched by journalists, theologians, as well as cardinals from the Vatican and Pope Francis himself, because it promises German Catholics quite radical changes in ecclesial life. Synodality undoubtedly presupposes a hope for the renewal of the Church; but is the experience of the Synodal Way in Germany able to fulfill this hope? The purpose of this study is to answer this question within the construct of current contemporary pastoral theology, whose task is to search for ways of renewal of the Church in the current context of social, cultural and ecclesial changes. This study analyzes the documents of the Synodal Way, statements of its participants and the comments of observers.</p> Wiesław Przygoda Copyright (c) 2022 Roczniki Teologiczne 2022-06-29 2022-06-29 69 6 27 46 10.18290/rt.22696.2 The Theandric Role of the Church in the Life of the World during, before and after COVID−19 Pandemic <p>The “earthly” Church is on pilgrimage and has the task of making disciples of all peoples (cf. Mt 28:19−20). She has her transcendental dignity, proportional to its representative (sacramental) essence and function as the universal sacrament of salvation. In the Christological perspective, the “earthly” Church carries out the redemptive and salvific work of Christ. On the part of the Church, this saving work is still relevant, polymorphic and incomplete, and sometimes also tainted by sin. For the Church is not identical with the Kingdom of God. Therefore, the current question remains how to realize the theandric nature of the Church in her mission in the current historical, social and cultural context? A particular drama in the implementation of the Church's mission is added today by the situation of the Covid−19 pandemic, which on the one hand contributes to hindering the exercise of a particularly liturgical function and, on the other hand, intensifies the process of impoverishment of people in many countries of the world. The new poor become an additional challenge for the Church in her charitable mission. The article has a dogmatic-pastoral character, and its main sources are post-conciliar documents and the latest statements of Pope Francis. According to the author, the Church, as a community of Christ's disciples, must learn from her Master to build interpersonal relationships in search of harmony with the world and at the service of humanity. Remembering the theandric nature of the Church can be very helpful in this task.</p> Fredrick Omollo Copyright (c) 2022 Roczniki Teologiczne 2022-06-29 2022-06-29 69 6 47 59 10.18290/rt.22696.3 Anointing with the Holy Oil of St. Sharbel — a New Phenomenon in Catholic Practice <p>In recent years, especially in eastern Slovakia, a new phenomenon has emerged in Catholic practice — anointing with the Holy Oil of St. Sharbel. Although the rite of such anointing is not found in any liturgical book, some Catholic priests of the Latin rite, especially in this part of the country, confer it to the Catholics of their rite. Catholics from various parts of Slovakia, western Poland, Ukraine, Moravia and others also take part in it. The author of the article mainly uses the comparative method, comparing this practice with the documents of the Magisterium and the bishop guidelines. He tries to find out if it is&nbsp;a sacramental in the Maronite church. If so, he states that the priests of the Latin rite cannot confer sacramental of the Maronite church without permission. The aim of the article is to find an answer to the question of whether it is a sacramental within the Catholic Church of the Latin rite or a rite that belongs to the field of human faith, such as immersion in the Lourdes water, during which several miraculous healings have taken place, but which is not accompanied by any assistance by a priest or deacon.</p> Jozef Krupa Copyright (c) 2022 Roczniki Teologiczne 2022-06-29 2022-06-29 69 6 61 75 10.18290/rt.22696.4 Secularism as a Challenge for the Catholic Church in the United States of America in the 21st Century <p>Secularism is a founding principle of the United States of America. Historically, Americans have viewed secularism as a means to protect freedom of religion for its citizenry from a state imposed religion or, conversely, state imposed agnosticism. The American Catholic Church in the 21st century respects the separation of Church and State because it upholds the principle of religious freedom. Contemporary aggressive secularism becomes a&nbsp;challenge for the Church as it increasingly hinders the realization of her mission in the world. Secularism is also a challenge for pastoral theology, whose task is to create models of pastoral activity adapted to the conditions of a specific place and time. Thus, the problem of this study can be expressed in the following question: what is the&nbsp;perception of secularism in the United States, what challenges does it present for the Catholic Church in the 21<sup>st</sup> Century and how is the Church to fulfill her mission in American society? The answer will be established through analysis of universal Church documents, presentation of the teaching of the Church in the United States and review of the publications of American theologians and sociologists.</p> <p>This article reviews the historical, cultural and ecclesiastical understanding of secularism in the United States as an ideology, and compares it to the modern understanding of secularism as it pertains to the organization of American society. Furthermore, it evaluates the impact of secularism as ideology and overarching societal organization on the modern American Catholic Church, the Church's role and impact in American society and the Church's vital and moral need to maintain its relevance through evangelization and ongoing participation in social justice issues in American society despite its minority status and the impact of recent scandals.</p> Grzegorz Rozborski Copyright (c) 2022 Roczniki Teologiczne 2022-06-29 2022-06-29 69 6 77 93 10.18290/rt.22696.5 Philosophical and Theological Image of Death Seen Through the Eyes of Young People <p>The article presents the cultural image of death from the theological and philosophical point of view. I used the ethnolinguistic method to investigate this phenomenon. The text particularly takes into account changes in attitudes and emotions towards death throughout the various periods of history, ranging from antiquity to modernity. Next, the method of presenting death in the Bible, as well as the teachings preached by the Church Fathers was presented to finally verify the current views with what young people attending primary school think about it — how they define death or are afraid of death. The students' task was to answer questions about <em>death</em> in a broad sense. The next questions concerned the physical symptoms of death, the accompanying emotions, and the causes of death. Respondents also had to answer the questions whether people are afraid of it and the question concerning the feelings it evokes.</p> Robert Lewandowski Copyright (c) 2022 Roczniki Teologiczne 2022-06-29 2022-06-29 69 6 95 110 10.18290/rt.22696.6 Bp Andrzej F. Dziuba, Primate — Chancellor — Patron: Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński Władysław Wyszowadzki Copyright (c) 2022 Roczniki Teologiczne 2022-06-29 2022-06-29 69 6 111 114 10.18290/rt.22696.7 Paul M. Zulehner, An epochal opportunity for reform: On the Synodal Path of the Catholic World Church Wiesław Przygoda Copyright (c) 2022 Roczniki Teologiczne 2022-06-29 2022-06-29 69 6 114 117 10.18290/rt.22696.8 Paul M. Zulehner, Frightened confidence. What Moves people in the Corona crisis Wiesław Przygoda Copyright (c) 2022 Roczniki Teologiczne 2022-06-29 2022-06-29 69 6 118 122 10.18290/rt.22696.9 Marek Fiałkowski OFMconv, Rev. Robert Sadlak, Young people in the Church. Inspirations for youth ministry in the light of the post-synodal exhortation “Christus vivit” Paweł Mąkosa Copyright (c) 2022 Roczniki Teologiczne 2022-06-29 2022-06-29 69 6 122 125 10.18290/rt.22696.10