Luxuria, Sin and Punishment. A Prolegomenon to Iconographic Research of the Last Judgment by Jheronimus Bosch (and His Workshop) from Akademie Der Bildenden Künste in Vienna. Part I

  • Grzegorz Kubies
Keywords: Jheronimus Bosch; early Netherlandish painting; Last Judgement; hell; Christian eschatology; lust (luxuria); musical iconography


The Last Judgement kept in Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna is currently considered by members of the Bosch Research and Conservation Project as the work of Jheronimus Bosch (c. 1450-1516) and his workshop. Within the Vienna Triptych there are many reminiscences and allusions to unchastity, lasciviousness and lustfulness. Although musical instruments—often linked with love in visual arts—appear in several scenes, in the Bosch literature musical aspects are often marginalized or even overlooked. The main purpose of this article, apart from the iconographic analysis of these several scenes (part I), is an attempt to find sources of connection between two elements in the vision of Hell: penalties corresponding to the sin of lust (luxuria) with music (part II). The musical scenes in the Vienna Last Judgement having their origins in miniature painting, recall historical realities—aspects of private music making at the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries.

Author Biography

Grzegorz Kubies

Dr Grzegorz Kubies – muzykolog i historyk sztuki, członek Związku Kompozytorów Polskich (Sekcja Muzykologów)


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