Between Care and Justice: Virginia Held’s Views on the Political Community

Keywords: care, justice, political community, Virginia Held, ethics of care, liberalism


In this article, an analysis was made of what’s new in the debate on the condition of the contemporary political community brought up by the discussion about the relationship between care and justice. The author introduces the category of care in philosophy and its understanding and with particular emphasis on the views of Virginia Held. He analyzes the importance of a relationship of care as the foundation for the proper functioning of the socio-political community and criticism of the idea of a social contract undertaken by representatives of the ethics of care. Critically, he presents the consequences of the assumptions of the civic community accepted by Held.

Author Biography

Andrzej Waleszyński, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University, Faculty of Christian Philosophy

Andrzej Waleszczyński, PhD — the Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University, Faculty of Christian Philosophy, Institute of Philosophy; address for correspondence: ul. Wóycickiego 1/3. 01–938 Warszawa


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