The Problem of Divine Hiddenness in the Context of Science

Keywords: divine hiddenness, science, absconditheism, discordism, concordism, articulation


The aim of the paper is to try to find a solution to the problem of divine hiddenness, which in the context of science takes the form of the question of why, if God exists, science can completely ignore Him and yet explain away so much. We formulate the “argument from hiddenness in the context of science” modelled on the “argument from hiddenness” proposed by J. L. Schellenberg and show possible ways to refute this argument. We also propose a refutation in the form of “explanatory absconditheism,” the best expression of which is the thesis of “articulation” of scientific and theological ways of explaining the world. We also argue that the thesis of “explanatory absconditheism” can be extended to the entire discussion of divine hiddenness, providing possible response to the “argument from hiddenness.”


Alston, William. “The Inductive Argument from Evil and the Human Cognitive Cognition.” Philosophical Perspectives 5 (1991): 29-67.

Benton, Matthew. “God and Interpersonal Knolwledge.” Res Philosophica 95 (2018): 42147.

Bergmann, Michael. “Commonsense Skeptical Theism.” In Reason, Metaphysics, and Mind. New Essays on the Philosophy of Alvin Plantinga, edited by Kelly James Clark and Michael Rea, 9-37. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Bergmann, Michael. “Skeptical Theism and the Prolbem of Evil.” In The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology, edited by Thomas Flint and Michael Rea, 374-99. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Bylica, Piotr. Współczesny teizm naturalistyczny z punktu widzenia modelu poziomów analizy. Problem działania sfery nadnaturalnej w przyrodzie. Zielona Góra: Instytut Filozofii Uniwersytetu Zielonogórskiego, 2016.

Corrigan, Richard. Divine Hiddenness. The Judeo-Christian God’s Self Revelation. Gloucester: Philosophical Frontiers Press, 2008.

Depoe, John. “On the Epistemological Framework for Skeptical Theism.” In Skeptical Theism. New Essays, edited by Trent Dougherty and Justin McBrayer, 32-44. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Dodds, Michael. Unlocking Divine Action. Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 2012.

Draper, Paul. “God, Science, and Naturalism.” In The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion, edited by William Wainwright, 272-303. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Dumsday, Travis. “Divine Hiddenness as Deserved.” Faith and Philosophy 31, no. 3 (2014): 286-302.

Dumsday, Travis. “Anti-Theism and the Problem of Divine Hiddenness.” Sophia 55 (2016): 179-95.

Green, Adam, and Eleonore Stump. Hidden Divinity and Religious Belief. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

Heller, Michał. Granice nauki. Kraków: Copernicus Center Press, 2014.

Hick, John. Evil and the God of Love. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Hołda, Miłosz. Źródło i noc. Wprowadzenie do współczesnego absconditeizmu. Kraków: WAM, 2020.

Kahane, Guy. “Should We Want God to Exist?” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87 (2011): 674-96.

Ladrière, Jean. L’articulation du sens. Discours scientifique et parole de la foi. Paris: Aubier Montaigne, Cerf, Delachaux & Niestlé, De Brouwer, 1970.

Ladrière, Jean. L’articulation du sens.Vol. 1, Discours scientifique et parole de foi. Paris: Cerf, 1984.

Ladrière, Jean. L’articulation du sens. Vol. 2, Les langages de la foi. Paris: Cerf, 1984.

Ladrière, Jean. L’articulation du sens. Vol. 3, Sens et vérité en théologie. Paris: Cerf, 2004.

Lambert, Dominique. L’itinéraire spirituel de Georges Lemaître. Bruxelles: Lessisus, 2007.

Lambert, Dominique. Sciences et Théologie. Les figures d'un dialogue. Bruxelles: Lessius, 1999.

Lougheed, Kirk. “The Axiological Solution to Divine Hiddenness.” Ratio 31, no. 3 (2018): 331-41.

McBrayer, Justin. “Skeptical Theism.” Philosophy Compass 5 (2010): 611-23.

Murray, Michael, and David E. Taylor. “Hiddenness.” In The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Religion, edited by Chad Meister and Paul Copan, 308-17. London: Routledge, 2007.

Schellenberg, John L. Divine Hiddenness and Human Reason. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1993.

Schellenberg, John L. The Hiddenness Argument. Philosophy’s New Challenge to Belief in God. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Wainwright, William. “Jonathan Edwards and the Hiddenness of God.” In Divine Hiddenness. New Essays, edited by Daniel Howard-Snyder and Paul Moser, 98-119. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Życiński, Józef. Naturalizm i transcendencja. Kraków: Copernicus Center Press, 2014.