Czy dopuszczamy karę w zastępstwie za winowajcę?

Keywords: penal substitution, Atonement, criminal law, fine, inconsistent beliefs, debt


The David Lewis’s article concerns the issue of penal substitution in the dual context of the contemporary system of criminal law, in which punishment does not perform a compensatory function, and in the context of the Christian interpretation of Christ’s death as Atonement. It may seem that we do not believe in penal substitution, but in fact we do believe in it selectively. There are Christians who believe that Christ’s death is a payment of the debt of punishment owed by the sinners, but do not believe that a murderer’s friend can serve on his behalf a death sentence. Most of us believe in penal substitution with reference to fines but not other kinds of punishment. In both cases the beliefs concerning penal substitution are clearly inconsistent. However, if selective acceptance of penal substitution is so common, perhaps it makes sense after all.

Information about the Translator: Dr. habil. Joanna Klara Teske, Associate Professor at KUL — The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Faculty of Humanities, Institute of Literary Studies, Department of English Literature and Culture.

Author Biography

David Lewis

Prof. David Kellogg Lewis (1941–2001) was from 1970 until his death a member of the Philosophy Department at Princeton University. He is widely regarded as one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century.


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