Swinburne’s Are We Bodies or Souls?

Keywords: Swinburne, dualism, emergence, soul, thisness


Richard Swinburne’s Are We Bodies or Souls? presents a sustained case for a view concerning the nature of persons that can be classified as a form of either Cartesian dualism or emergent dualism. This paper comments on two important arguments developed in the book and concludes by considering the problem of the origin of souls.


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Swinburne, Richard. Are We Bodies or Souls? Oxford: OUP, 2019.

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Swinburne, Richard. The Evolution of the Soul. Oxford: OUP, 1986.