Divine Providence and Chance in the World: Replies

Keywords: God, chance, free will, providence, evil


In the paper, I reply to the objections contained in the other papers in this issue raised against my conception of providence and chance presented in the opening article and the book from 2014. I argue that the existence of variously understood random events (chance) does not imply the thesis that God, the Creator of the world is not interested in the fate of individual creatures, including human beings. The reason why God can permit random events to occur is God’s will to create a relatively autonomous world that has the ability to self-develop and self-create. In such a world, there may be pointless evil for which God is not directly responsible.

Author Biography

Dariusz Łukasiewicz, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland

Dariusz Ł ukasiewicz, Prof. Dr Hab., Head of the Chair of Logic and Ontology, Institute of Philosophy, Kazimierz Wielki University


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