Chance and Divine Providence. Methodological Notes with Pascal in the Background

Keywords: analytical philosophy vs continental philosophy, analytical philosophy of religion, analytical philosophy and other spheres of culture, Divine Providence and chance, Providence and freedom, Dariusz Łukasiewicz


According to the author of this paper, the analytical philosophy of religion should not be closed to other spheres of culture and ignore or disregard the achievements of others, both past and contemporary philosophical currents. An analytical philosopher, including an analytical philosopher of religion, can therefore seek inspiration also outside the sphere of analytical philosophy. At the same time, this does not mean that an analytical philosopher is to disregard natural sciences or not to care about the precision of language and the right arguments. The concern for linguistic precision and the application of appropriate argumentation are crucial for the identity of the analytical philosophy. This article, taking into account the indicated metaphilosophical attitude, is devoted to a critical discussion about some of the problems raised by Professor Dariusz Łukasiewicz, in his outstanding work in the field of philosophy of religion published in Polish as Opatrzność Boża, wolność, przypadek. Studium z analitycznej filozofii religii.

Author Biography

Ryszard Kleszcz, University of Lodz, Poland

Ryszard Kleszcz, Prof. Dr Hab., Chair of Logic and Methodology of Science in the Institute of Philosophy, University of Lodz


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