A Reply to "The Antinomy of Future Contingent Events"

  • Timothy Pawl Department of Philosophy at the University of St. Thomas in St. Paul, MN
Keywords: antinomy; future contigents; representation; backward efficient causation


In this brief reply I discuss Fr. Marcin Tkaczyk’s excellent article, “The Antinomy of Future Contingent Events.” I first raise some concerns about his understanding of representation. I then raise three concerns about his preferred solution to the antinomy: first, that a part of his theory of representation itself motivates a rejection of proposition 1 of the antinomy; second, that one needn’t employ retroactive causal connections to weaken 1 as he does; and third, that it is difficult to make sense of the sort of backward efficient causation that Tkaczyk requires for his solution to work.


Pawl, Timothy. 2008. A Thomistic Account of Truthmakers for Modal Truths. Unpublished Dissertation.

Pawl, Timothy. 2014a. “The Freedom of Christ and Explanatory Priority.” Religious Studies 50 (2): 157–73. DOI: 10.1017/S0034412513000309.

Pawl, Timothy. 2014b. “The Freedom of Christ and the Problem of Deliberation.” International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 75 (3): 233–47.

Pawl, Timothy. 2016. “A Thomistic Truthmaker Principle.” Acta Philosophica 25 (1): 45–64.

Pawl, Timothy. 2019. In Defense of Extended Conciliar Christology: A Philosophical Essay. Oxford; New York, NY: Oxford University Press.