Roczniki Humanistyczne https://ojs.tnkul.pl/index.php/rh <p><strong><em>Roczniki Humanistyczne </em></strong><strong>(Annals of Arts)<em>&nbsp;</em></strong>is an academic journal of the humanities published by the Learned Society of the John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin and the Faculty of Humanities of the John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin. It has appeared without interruption since 1949.<br><em>Roczniki Humanistyczne </em>is a platform of exchange of ideas in four areas of the humanities – literary studies, linguistics, history, and art history – as well as across these disciplines.<br><em>Roczniki Humanistyczne </em>publishes research articles, review articles, reviews, and short communications. Contributions are accepted in Polish, English, German, Dutch, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, and&nbsp;Ukrainian. The language of contribution may vary depending on fascicle.</p> Towarzystwo Naukowe KUL & Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II – Wydział Nauk Humanistycznych en-US Roczniki Humanistyczne 0035-7707 From the Editorial Committee https://ojs.tnkul.pl/index.php/rh/article/view/9725 Mirosława Hanusiewicz-Lavallee Copyright (c) 2020 Roczniki Humanistyczne https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 68 1 7 8 10.18290/rh.20681-1 Laments from 19 to 1: Imperfection and Perfection https://ojs.tnkul.pl/index.php/rh/article/view/9726 <p>This article presents a renewed attempt at explaining the cyclical nature of Jan Kochanowski’s <em>Treny </em>[<em>Laments</em>] in relation to their interpretative contexts, in particular that of <em>Psałterz Dawidów</em> [<em>David's Psalter</em>]. When poetically paraphrasing the Psalms, Kochanowski might have come across the medieval tradition of symbolic and arithmetic speculation, which, according to the author of this article, allows for a numerological reading of <em>Treny </em>within the framework of the idea of the <em>humanitas</em> / <em>divinitas</em> unity. This idea brings Kochanowski’s funeral cycle closer to both the Orphic-Pythagorean tradition, blended into a Christian humanist neo-Platonism, and the fundamental Christological truths in Christianity – from this perspective, the imperfection of the number 19 leads to the perfection of the number 1, which reflects the One (Giordano Bruno). At the same time, the author tries to prove that the given sequence of works in the cycle (for example, the special position of the number 11) strengthens and supports the dramatic nature of the thoughts of the poet, who is struggling with a personal tragedy.</p> Luigi Marinelli Copyright (c) 2020 Roczniki Humanistyczne https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 68 1 9 30 10.18290/rh.20681-2 „Each Creature Inspired to Greater God's Love”: Animals as Friends of God's Servants (on the Basis of Piotr Skarga's Żywoty Świętych) https://ojs.tnkul.pl/index.php/rh/article/view/9727 <p>This article is an analysis of the animal motifs in Piotr Skarga's <em>Żywoty świętych </em>[<em>The Lives of the Saints</em>]. It might initially seem that they do not play an important role in this monumental work. However, when we pay more attention to them, it turns out that they convey valuable information related to the way in which views on the place of man and animals in the Christian universe were formed. An analysis of the motifs collected in the article shows that there is no justification for those stereotypes which result mainly from an erroneous interpretation of the biblical phrase: „Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it”, according to which, from the very beginning, Christianity as a religion was supposed to be characterised by a lack of respect for the created world and a merely instrumental approach to animals. Similarly, the conviction that only St. Francis of Assisi had a friendly relationship with „friars minor”, while other saints were not interested in relationships with them, is also erroneous. The presented text methodologically refers to the findings of the so-called Silesian „school” of micrology, and therefore it aims to concentrate on those parts of the examined work which are considered to be fragments, scraps or „miniatures” – messages that (at first glance) do not determine its value. The present study supplements the article „<em>Znać iżeście i bestyj podlejszy</em>”: <em>zoomorficzne inkarnacje szatana w „Żywotach świętych” Piotra Skargi</em> published in the journal <em>Terminus</em> (2/2019).</p> Ewa Cybulska-Bohuszewicz Copyright (c) 2020 Roczniki Humanistyczne https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 68 1 31 57 10.18290/rh.20681-3 Did Adam Naruszewicz Write Życiorysy sławnych Polaków? The Unknown Manuscripts of the Coadjutor Bishop of Smolensk https://ojs.tnkul.pl/index.php/rh/article/view/9728 <p><em>Życiorysy sławnych Polaków </em>[<em>The Lives of Famous Poles</em>] is a lesser-known work by Adam Naruszewicz which encompasses several biographies of outstanding representatives of the Polish Enlightenment. Its basic, although hitherto unnoticed, problem is the attribution of the text. Doubts have been raised about the authorship of the manuscript recorded in <em>Nowy Korbut</em>, as only a few of the biographies included there were actually written by Naruszewicz. However, some justified reservations concerning both the work and its author emerge only in the light of recently discovered manuscripts, as their analysis proves the existence of an unknown work by Adam Naruszewicz.</p> Magdalena Bober-Jankowska Copyright (c) 2020 Roczniki Humanistyczne https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 68 1 59 73 10.18290/rh.20681-4 Zygmunt Haupt's Anniversary Broadcasts on „Voice of America” (1951-1960) an Outline of the Problems https://ojs.tnkul.pl/index.php/rh/article/view/9729 <p>This article is devoted to the work of Zygmunt Haupt as an editor with the radio station “Voice of America.” In particular, it analyses the original scripts of the author's broadcasts that have been preserved in the writer's archive deposited at Stanford University. The article is divided into two parts. The first part describes the whole of Haupt's radio work, with particular emphasis on its propaganda character. In the second part, two representative broadcasts are submitted to detailed analysis. In these, the writer used the whole spectrum of various means of persuasion, but at the same time he took care of their artistic dimension.</p> Barbara Krupa Copyright (c) 2020 Roczniki Humanistyczne https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 68 1 75 89 10.18290/rh.20681-5 Job at the Space Station: Carnality, Memory and Onirism in Stanisław Lem's Solaris https://ojs.tnkul.pl/index.php/rh/article/view/9730 <p>This article discusses how the subjects of carnality, memory and dreams influence the reading of Lem's <em>Solaris</em>. The article starts with a discussion of the novel as an open text allowing for multiple interpretations, then it moves on to the innovation of the Alien model presented by Lem. The problems related to body, memory and sleep are generated in the text by the character of Harey, the double of the protagonist's long dead fiancée recreated on Solaris through Kelvin's memories. The author tries to answer the question of whether the woman can be called a human being and what exactly determines that − biology, or an act that is ethically marked? The article also describes the role of memory in the protagonist's internal metamorphosis, as well as mentioning the intertextual trope of <em>Kochanka Szamoty</em> by Stanisław Grabiński.</p> Łukasz Kucharczyk Copyright (c) 2020 Roczniki Humanistyczne https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 68 1 91 113 10.18290/rh.20681-6 Jan Polkowski's Poetic Conversations With Herbert and Różewicz https://ojs.tnkul.pl/index.php/rh/article/view/9731 <p>Jan Polkowski's poetry is linked to Herbert's through the programme of ethical poetry, which is common to both poets, as well as their characteristic passion for admitting fundamental values and faith in the salvational power of culture. However, an interesting intertextual game, initiated by the younger writer in his poem <em>Przesłanie pana X</em> [<em>The Envoy of Mr X</em>], brings a more nuanced perspective to this simplified image. From the beginning of <em>Przesłanie pana&nbsp;X</em>, it is clear that hope, which Polkowski does not actually reject, seems to be much more problematic in his text than the vision of living in the myths of culture, which emerges from Herbert's work. The image of Polkowski and Różewicz's clear antagonism must also be verified. As the author of <em>Rozmowy z Różewiczem</em> [<em>Conversations with Różewicz</em>], Polkowski allows his older colleagues to drag him into a conversation about poetry and its tasks, outlining not only certain divergences, but also looking for what is close to his heart in Różewicz’s work.</p> Wojciech Kudyba Copyright (c) 2020 Roczniki Humanistyczne https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 68 1 115 135 10.18290/rh.20681-7 Motifs of Identity in the Hungary-Themed Texts by Krzysztof Varga https://ojs.tnkul.pl/index.php/rh/article/view/9732 <p>This article discusses the issue of identity in Krzysztof Varga's works centred on Hungarian themes. The narrative in the prose of the author of <em>Gulasz z Turula </em>[<em>Turul Goulash</em>] combines far--reaching criticism and irony with a nostalgic picture of everyday life and culture. Detailed analyses of Varga's prose show that the writer is a conscious and simultaneously attentive observer of&nbsp;Hungarian reality, who exposes successive components of national myths and symbols, and at the same time reveals the deep sources of his own identity.</p> Viktória Vas Copyright (c) 2020 Roczniki Humanistyczne https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 68 1 137 152 10.18290/rh.20681-8 Andrzej Stasiuk's Montenegro https://ojs.tnkul.pl/index.php/rh/article/view/9733 <p>The author of this article analyses the images of Montenegro in Andrzej Stasiuk’s prose, inspired by the reflections contained in Przemysław Czapliński’s <em>Poruszona mapa </em>[<em>A Moved Map</em>]. Limiting the subject of the analysis to this country allows the author to highlight essential features of Stasiuk’s writing which are not always noticed by its critics. In this prose work, attachment to one’s own memory and the author's vision are more important than the goals of non-fiction literature. It is thus dependent on the stereotypes about the Balkans and the author’s own superficial observations.</p> Artur Nowaczewski Copyright (c) 2020 Roczniki Humanistyczne https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 68 1 153 166 10.18290/rh.20681-9 The Enlightened Are Not Afraid of Lighthouses. A Polemic Sketch https://ojs.tnkul.pl/index.php/rh/article/view/9734 <p>The author of this article enters into polemics with Grzegorz Zając's theses as laid out in the article “`The Enlightened Do Not Need To Be Enlightened…' Reflections on School, the Seriousness of Reading and the Madness of Ideology” (<em>Roczniki Humanistyczne</em> vol. 67 (2019), no. 1, p.&nbsp;25-38). The polemics concerns the alleged ideological bias and reductionism of literary interpretation and the instrumentalisation of literature that is said to be carried out by contemporary postmodern literary criticism due to the vulnerability of this same criticism to ideologisation. While Zając opts for a “prelapsarian” return to reading literature as art for its aesthetic qualities, this paper seeks a remedy in a more realistic and less prejudiced “postlapsarian” perspective instead, one calling for a confrontation with the landscape “after the fall” of literary criticism. In this confrontation, which is meant to invite discussion of the values underlying the current approaches in literary studies, a vital role can be played by the neo-Aristotelian “Tradition”, juxtaposed by Alasdair MacIntyre in his seminal book <em>Three Rival Versions of Moral Enquiry</em> with the modernist “Encyclopaedia” and the postmodern “Genealogy.”</p> Dariusz Skórczewski Copyright (c) 2020 Roczniki Humanistyczne https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 68 1 167 185 10.18290/rh.20681-10 Adolf Arendt: the Protagonist from the Street of Crocodiles https://ojs.tnkul.pl/index.php/rh/article/view/9735 <p>Adolf Arendt (1862-1932), a teacher of freehand drawing in Galician secondary schools, was long considered to have been Bruno Schulz's first art teacher in Drohobych Secondary School. However, in his article entitled <em>Lekcja profesora Arendta</em> [<em>A</em> <em>Lesson Given by Professor Arendt</em>], Professor Władysław Panas shows that Arendt could not have been Schulz's teacher. Panas also discusses why Bruno Schulz immortalised the figure of this art teacher from Drohobych in his <em>Sklepy cynamonowe </em>[Cinnamon <em>The Street of Crocodiles</em>]. Arendt is the only character from Schulz's prose who actually lived in Drohobych. The author of this article meticulously reconstructs the biography of the actual Adolf Arendt, basing it on detailed bibliographic and archival research. Reconstructing unknown facts from Arendt's life, at the same time he outlines the broader historical background of Schulz's oeuvre, which complements the previous findings concerning both Schulz's literary and visual works.</p> Antoni Sypek Copyright (c) 2020 Roczniki Humanistyczne https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 68 1 187 207 10.18290/rh.20681-11 Towards a full understanding of Norwid's Vade--mecum. A transliteration of the autograph https://ojs.tnkul.pl/index.php/rh/article/view/9736 Józef Franciszek Fert Copyright (c) 2020 Roczniki Humanistyczne https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 68 1 209 223 10.18290/rh.20681-12 Biographical writing – “history with a human face”? https://ojs.tnkul.pl/index.php/rh/article/view/9737 Marek Woźniak Copyright (c) 2020 Roczniki Humanistyczne https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 68 1 224 231 10.18290/rh.20681-13