Diversifying the Careers Workforce: Opportunities and Challenges
Attracting high quality candidates with relevant and pertinent experience to any profession is often a challenge. A UK based research project is presented that employs a protean lens to examine the motivations and expectations of career changers who have recently moved into the field of career guidance and counselling. The research comprised of a mixed methods design, utilising an online self-completed survey and interviews aimed at practitioners who have transitioned into the careers field over the last five years. The data reflects practitioners working in a range of settings including, schools, further education colleges and higher education. The initial findings present several important issues for the careers field in the UK which may have wider applicability. Respondents transitioned from a diverse range of professional backgrounds including HR, education management consultancy and research. A common motivation focused on supporting and influencing a social justice agenda. The research identifies that the field is successful in recruiting highly qualified and experienced candidates, the challenge is about diversity and attracting a workforce that better reflects the populace.
Allan, G., & Moffett, J. (2015). Professionalism in career guidance and counselling – how professional do trainee career practitioners feel at the end of a postgraduate programme of study. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 44(4), 447-465.
Arthur, M.B., & Rousseau, D.M. (Eds.) (1996). The Boundaryless Career. A New Employment principle for a new organisational era. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Bimrose, J., & Hearne, L. (2012). Resilience and career adaptability: Qualitative studies of adult career counselling. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81(3), 338-344.
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77-101.
Brown, A., Bimrose, J., Barnes, S.A., & Hughes, D. (2012). The role of career adaptabilities for mid-career changers. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(3), 754-761.
Carless, S., & Arnup, J. (2011). A longitudinal study of the determinants and outcomes of career change. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 78(1), 80-91.
Cedefop. (2009). Professionalising career guidance. Thessaloniki, Greece: European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training.
Damle, P. (2015). Tracing the tangential career transition. Journal of Management Research, 15(2), 111-122.
De Botton, A. (2009). The pleasures and sorrows of work. London, England: Hamish Hamilton.
Gough, J.P. (2017). Educating career guidance practitioners in the twenty-first century. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 45(2), 199-207.
Grönlund, A., & Magnusson, C. (2013). Devaluation, crowding or skill specificity? Exploring the mechanisms behind lower wages in female professions. Social Science Research, 42(4), 1006-1017.
Haasler, S.R., & Barabasch, A. (2015). The role of learning and career guidance for managing mid-career transitions – comparing Germany and Denmark. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 43(3), 306-322.
Hall, D.T. (1996). Protean careers in the 21st century. Academy of Management Executive,10(4), 8-16.
Hall, D.T. (2004). The protean career: A quarter-century journey. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 65(1), 1-13.
Hasluck, C. (2012). Why business should recruit young people (Briefing paper). Wath upon Dearne, England: UK Commission for Employment and Skills.
Hooley, T., Matheson, J., & Watts, A.G. (2014). Advancing Ambition: The role of career guidance in supporting social mobility. London, England: Sutton Trust.
Hooley, T., Johnson, C., & Neary, S. (2016). Professionalism in careers. Careers England and Career Development Institute.
Hooley, T., & Sultana, R. (2016). Career guidance for social justice. Journal of the National Institute for Career Education and Counselling, 36, 2-11.
Houston, K., & Cunningham, E. (2018). Waiting for a career epiphany, a barrier to career decision-making. Journal of the National Institute for Career Education and Counselling, 40, 25-32.
La Pointe, K. (2013). Heroic career changers? Gendered identity work in career transitions. Gender, Work and Organisation, 20(2), 133-146.
Mainiero, L.A., & Sullivan, S.E. (2006). The Opt out revolution: Why people are leaving companies to create kaleidoscope careers. Mountain View, CA: Davies-Black.
McMahon, M., Watson, M., & Bimrose, J. (2015). Implications for Career Practice. In J. Bimrose, M. McMahon, & M. Watson, Women’s career development throughout the lifespan. Abingdon, England: Routledge.
Neary, S. (2014). Reclaiming professional identity through postgraduate professional development: Career practitioner reclaiming their professional selves. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 42(2), 199-210.
Neary, S., & Hanson, J. (2019). A new career in higher education careers work. In C. Burke & F. Christie (Eds.), Graduate Careers in Context, research, policy and practice. Abingdon, England: Routledge.
Neary, S., & Priestley, P. (2018). Workforce needs of the career development sector in the UK. Stourbridge, England: Career Development Institute.
Office of National Statistics. (2011). Ethnicity and national identity in England and Wales. Retrieved August 14, 2018, from https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/culturalidentity/ethnicity/articles/ethnicityandnationalidentityinenglandandwales/2012-12-11
Parker, P., & Roan, A. (2015). Organisational Perspectives. In J. Bimrose, M. McMahon, & M. Watson (Eds), Women’s career development throughout the lifespan. Abingdon, England: Routledge.
Patton, W. (2002). Training for Career Development Professionals: Responding to Supply and Demand in the Next Decade. Australian Journal of Career Development, 11(3), 56-62.
Rhodes, S.R., & Doering, M. (1983). An integrated model of career change. Academy of Management Review, (8)4, 631-639.
Sullivan, S., & Baruch, Y. (2009). Advances in career theory and research: A critical review and agenda for future exploration. Journal of Management, 35(6), 1542-1571.
Weber, P. C., Katsarov, J., Cohen-Scali, V., Mulvey, R., Nota, L., Rossier, J., & Thomsen, R. (2018). European Research Agenda for Career Guidance and Counselling. In V. Cohen- Scali, J. Rossier, & L. Nota (Eds.), New Perspectives on Career Counseling and Guidance in Europe (pp. 219-250). Berlin: Springer.